These traditional Polish Christmas Eve Porcini Dumplings (Uszka) are served hot with borscht as the first dish of the Christmas Eve meal.
POLISH CHRISTMAS EVE PORCINI DUMPLINGS (USZKA)
As promised yesterday I am posting my recipe for Polish Christmas Eve Porcini Dumplings (Uszka). The name ‘uszka’ in Polish means ‘little ears’, which refers to the shape of these dumplings. Don’t worry if your batch doesn’t exactly look like a bunch of ears inside a bowl, it’s not the most appetising description anyway! As long as you make them small and compact and neat looking they’ll be fine.
Pierogi Dough Recipe
I’ve included a few photos of the actual process of making the dumplings (below), which I hope you will find useful. Despite my somewhat lengthy instructions (which is unusual for me, I promise not to do it too often:) they are actually not very difficult to make.
I used my tried and tested pierogi dough recipe to make these dumplings. It is very easy to work with and I recommend rolling it out very thinly so the dumplings are not too doughy. (They should be more about the mushrooms than the dough). The dough is quite resilient and won’t tear easily. Promise! I know this is the second time I’ve made a promise in the same paragraph (!) but I keep my word! I trust this recipe completely.
*NOTE: Do make sure you stick the edges of each dumpling together really well so they don’t open up in the pot.
Check out my Pierogi recipes which use the same dough!
Mushroom Filling for Uszka
The mushroom filling in this recipe is very easy to make. Start by briefly soaking the mushrooms, rinsing and then cooking them for about 30 minutes in a small amount of water. Then strain the mushrooms (reserving the water to add to your Polish Christmas borscht recipe or another soup/stew recipe), and puree with the rest of the ingredients. You will have to fry the onions before adding to the filling.
I am using a bit of soy sauce in the filling, which, you might have guessed, is not a traditional ingredient used in the uszka recipe! Soy sauce adds depth and savouriness to this recipe. I also use it in my Christmas borscht recipe.
As for the porcini mushrooms, they can be quite pricey in the big supermarkets. So if there is a Polish delicatessen where you live you are in luck as the porcini will be much cheaper there. All Polish delicatessens should stock dried wild mushrooms, especially in the months leading up to Christmas.
How to make Uszka
Make the dough, roll out thinly and make round shapes using the rim of a glass.
Remove excess dough and combine it with your dough ball (keep it covered to prevent drying).
Place a small amount of the mushroom filling inside each round shape and close it in by sticking the sides together. Then bring the ends together.
Carefully place the dumplings in a pot of gently boiling water, stir, and cook for 3 minutes from the time the dumplings come up to the surface. Remove from the heat, lift the dumplings out using a slotted spoon and place on top of a lightly greased plate without overlapping each other.
More Polish Christmas Eve recipes
Check out also this collection of over 12 healthy vegetarian pasta meals.
Polish Christmas Eve Porcini Dumplings (Uszka)
- For the dough:
- 350 g flour plus more for dusting
- 3/4 cup very warm water 180 ml
- 1 tablespoon butter
- good pinch of salt approx. 1/2 tsp
- For the filling:
- 50 g dried porcini mushrooms
- 1/2 onion finely chopped
- 1 tablespoon olive oil plus more for drizzling and 1 tsp boiling the uszka
- 1 tablespoon soy sauce
- 1 tablespoon breadcrumbs
- Salt and pepper to taste
- To make the filling soak the mushrooms in water for 10 minutes, drain and rinse well. Place in a saucepan, pour just enough water to cover the mushrooms, cover with a lid, bring to boil and simmer for about 30 minutes. You may have to add more water during the cooking so the mushrooms don't burn.
- To make the dough place the flour, salt and butter on top of your work surface and start combining using a large knife, cutting into the mixture and gradually adding the water into the middle, gathering up the mixture with the knife to prevent the water from escaping. When the dough starts to come together and all the water has been added knead the dough for 2-3 minutes until it becomes smooth, soft and elastic. If it sticks to your hands too much add a bit of flour (not more than 1 tsp) and knead in. Cover with a bowl or wrap in cling film and set aside for 15 minutes.
- Heat up the oil and fry the onion over a low heat for 2-3 minutes until it's softened, stirring occasionally (do not brown it!). Set aside.
- Once the mushrooms have been cooked drain any excess liquid (which you can use in a soup or stew), combine the mushrooms with the onion, soy sauce and seasoning and puree until the mixture becomes sticky (it can still have bigger bits of mushrooms or onion in it). Add the breadcrumbs and stir thoroughly. Taste the mixture and adjust seasoning as necessary.
- Divide the dough in 2 or 3 parts (easier to work with) and roll out one part (keeping the other 2 covered) on top of a lightly floured surface as thinly as possible (don't worry, the dough is stretchy and quite resilient and won't tear easily). Using a glass with a diameter of approximately 6 cm make round shapes (gather up the excess dough and add to the other dough part). See the photos.
- Place a small amount of the filling in the middle of each dough circle (if the dough is sticking to the work surface use a knife to help it come off but take care not to tear it). With tips of your fingers stick the edges of the dumpling together and bring the ends towards each other and stick together too (your fingertips should be dry so it's a good idea to keep a sheet of paper towel near you to wipe them if they get sticky).
- Place the dumplings on a lightly floured surface and cover with a tea towel.
- Fill a large pot with salted water, add 1 tsp of oil, cover and bring to boil. Continue making the dumplings as you are waiting for the water to boil. When the water starts boiling carefully place the dumplings in the pot one by one (don't overcrowd the pot, do this in batches if you have to) and quickly but carefully stir with a wooden spoon. When the dumplings come up to the surface cook them gently for about 4 minutes, switch off the heat and using a slotted spoon transfer them onto a lightly greased large plate. Drizzle with a little olive oil or butter and serve!
- Serve hot, 4-5 per one portion of the borscht.
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